Chariklia Sotiriou - Leventis

Professor of Chemistry

130 Schrenk Hall
Missouri University of Science and Technology               
Rolla, MO 65409-0010
(573) 341-4363

Michigan State University, Ph.D.




Organic chemistry, organic materials and supramolecular chemistry. 

Research Interests
  • Host-Guest interactions 
  • Synthesis of organic nanomaterials 
  • Nanostructured polymers
  • Aerogels as diverse nanomaterials in drug delivery, as catalyst supports and sensors




Mahadik-Khanolkar, S.; Donthula, S.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; N. Leventis, N. "Polybenzoxazine Aerogels. 1. High Yield Room-Temperature Acid-Catalyzed Synthesis of Robust Monoliths, Oxidative Aromatization and Conversion to Microporous Carbons,"Chem. Mater. 201426(3), 1303-1317.

Mahadik-Khanolkar, S.; Donthula, S.; Bang, A.; Wisner, C.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Leventis, N. "Polybenzoxazine Aerogels II: Interpenetrating Networks with Iron Oxide and the Carbothermal Synthesis of Highly Porous Monolithic Pure Iron(0) Aerogels as Energetic Materials,"Chem. Mater. 2014, 26(3), 1318-1331.

Chidambareswarapattar, C.; Xu, L.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Leventis, N. "Robust Monolithic MultiscaleNanoporous Polyimides and Conversion to Isomorphic Carbons,"RSC Advances20133, 26459-26469.

Chidambareswarapattar, C.; McCarver, P. M.; Luo, H. Lu, H.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Leventis, N. "Fractal MultiscaleNanoporous Polyurethanes: Flexible to Extremely Rigid Aerogels from Multifunctional Small Molecules,"Chem. Mater.201325, 3205-3224.

Thangavel, A.; Elder, I. A.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.;Dawes, R.; Leventis, N. "Breaking Aggregation and Driving the Keto-to-gem-Diol Equilibrium of the N,N´-Dimethyl-2,6-diaza-9,10-anthraquinonediium Dication to the Keto Form by Intercalation in Cucurbit[7]uril," J. Org. Chem201378, 8297-8304.

Mohite, D. P.; Mahadik-Khanolkar, S.; Luo, H.; Lu, H.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Leventis, C. "Polydicyclopentadiene Aerogels Grafted with PMMA: II. Nanoscopic Characterization and Origin of Macroscopic Deformation," Soft Matter20139(5), 1531-1539.

Mohite, D. P.; Mahadik-Khanolkar, S.; Luo, H.; Lu, H.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Leventis, N. "Polydicyclopentadiene Aerogels Grafted with PMMA: I. Molecular and Interparticle Crosslinking," Soft Matter20139(5), 1516-1530.

Mohite, D. P.; Larimore, Z. J.; Lu, H.; Mang, J. T.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C; Leventis, N."Monolithic Hierarchical Fractal Assemblies of Silica Nanoparticles Cross-Linked with Polynorbornene via ROMP: A Structure-Property Correlation from Molecular to Bulk through Nano,"Chem. Mater. 201224, 3434-3448.

Thangavel, A.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Dawes, R.; Leventis, N. "Orientation of Pyrylium Guests in Cucurbituril Hosts,"J. Org. Chem.201277, 2263-2271.

Sadekar, A. G.; Mahadik, S. S.; Bang, A. N.; Larimore, Z. J.; Wisner, C. A.; Bertino, M. F.; Kalkan, A. K.; Mang, J. T.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Leventis, N. "´Green´ Aerogels and Porous Carbons by Emulsion Gelation of Acrylonitrile,"Chem. Mater.201224, 26-47.

Sadekar, A. G.; Mulik, S.; Chandrasekaran, N.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Leventis, N. "Robust PEDOT Films by Covalent Bonding to Substrates Using in Tandem Sol-Gel, Surface Initiated Free-Radical and Redox Polymerization,"J. Mater. Chem.201222, 100-108.

Mulik, S.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C."Resorcinol-Formaldehyde Aerogels," in Aerogels Handbook - Advances in Sol-Gel Derived Materials and Technologies, M. A. Aegerter, N. Leventis, M. M. Koebel eds., Springer: New York, NY, 2011, pp 215-234.

Leventis, N.; Chidambareswarapattar, C.; Mohite, D. P.; Larimore, Z. J.; Lu, H.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C. "Multifunctional Porous Aramids (Aerogels) by Efficient Reaction of Carboxylic Acids and Isocyanates, " J. Mater. Chem. 201121, 11981–11986.

Leventis, N.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Mohite, D. P.; Larimore, Z. J.; Mang, J. T.; Churu, G.; Lu, H. "Polyimide Aerogels by Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP)," Chem. Mater. 201123, 2250-2261.

Fu, B.; Luo, H.; Wang, F.; Churu, G.; Chu, K. T.; Hanan, J. C.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Leventis, N.; Lu, H. "Simulation of the Microstructural Evolution of a Polymer CrosslinkedTemplated Silica Aerogel Under High Strain-Rate Compression,"J. Non-Cryst. Solids 2011357, 2063-2074.

Leventis, N.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Chandrasekaran, N.; Mulik, S.; Larimore, Z. J.; Lu, H.; Churu, G.; Mang, J. T. "Multifunctional Polyurea Aerogels from Isocyanates and Water. A Structure-Property Case Study," Chem. Mater.201022, 6692-6710.

Chidambareswarapattar, C.; Larimore, Z.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Mang, J. T.; Leventis, N. "One-Step Room-Temperature Synthesis of Fibrous Polyimide Aerogels from Anhydrides and Isocyanates and Conversion to Isomorphic Carbons, " J. Mater. Chem.201020, 9666-9678.

Leventis, N.;  Chandrasekaran, N.;Sadekar, A. G.; Mulik, S.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C. "The Effect of Compactness on the Carbothermal Conversion of Interpenetrating Metal Oxide / Resorcinol-Formaldehyde Nanoparticle Networks to Porous Metals and Carbides,"J. Mater. Chem.2010, 20, 7456–7471.

Leventis, N.; Sadekar, A.; Chandrasekaran,N.;Sotiriou-Leventis, C. "Click Synthesis of Monolithic Silicon Carbide Aerogels from Polyacrylonitrile-Crosslinked 3D Silica Networks,"Chem. Mater.201022, 2790-2803.

Leventis, N.; Chandrasekaran, N., Sadekar, A. G.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Lu, H. "One-Pot Synthesis of Interpenetrating Inorganic/Organic Networks of CuO/Resorcinol-Formaldehyde Aerogels: Nanostructured Energetic Materials," J. Am. Chem. Soc.2009131(13), 4576-4577. (Highlighted by: (a) Nature Chemistry on April 3, 2009:, and in the printed version on May 22, 2009; and, (b) J. Am. Chem. Soc. as an Image Challenge on November 18, 2009:

Thangavel, A; Rawashdeh, A. M. M.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Leventis, N. "Simultaneous Electron Transfer from Free and Intercalated 4-Benzoylpyridinium Cations in Cucurbit[7]uril," Org. Lett.200911, 1595-1598.

Leventis, N.; Chandrasekaran, N.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Mumtaz, A. "Smelting in the Age of Nano: Iron Aerogels," J. Mater. Chem.200919, 63-65 (Issue 1, by invitation – fully reviewed).

Leventis, N.; Mulik, S.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C. "Macroporous Electrically Conducting Carbon Networks by Pyrolysis of Isocyanate Cross-Linked Resorcinol-Formaldehyde Aerogels," Chem. Mater.200820, 6985-6997.

Luo, H.; Churu, G.; Schnobrich, J.; Hobbs, A.; Fabrizio, E. F.; Dass, A.; Mulik, S.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Lu, H.; Leventis, N. "Physical, Chemical and Mechanical Characterization of Isocyanate-CrosslinkedVanadia Aerogels," J.  Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 200848, 113-134.

Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Wang, X.; Mulik, S.; Leventis, N. "Immobilization of Pd Catalysts on Mesoporous Silica for Amine-, and Copper-Free Sonogashira Coupling Reactions," Synth.Commun.200838, 1-14.

Sudhir, M.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Gitogo C.; Hongbing, L.; Leventis, N. "Crosslinking 3D Assemblies of Nanoparticles into Mechanically Strong Aerogels by Surface-Initiated Free Radical Polymerization," Chem. Mater. 200820(15), 5035-5046.

Rawashdeh, A.-M. M.; Thangavel, A.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Leventis, N. "Control of the Ketone to gem-Diol Equilibrium by Host-Guest Interactions,"Org. Lett.200810(6) 1131-1134.

Leventis, N.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Mulik, S.; Dass, A.; Schnobrich, J.; Hobbs, A.; Fabrizio, E. F.; Luo, H.; Churu, G.; Zhang, Y.; Lu, H. "Polymer NanoencapsulatedMesoporousVanadia with Unusual Ductility at Cryogenic Temperatures," J. Mater. Chem.200818, 2475-2482.

Reviewed as hot article in the May´08 issue of Chemical Science published by the Royal Society of Chemistry (Chem. Sci.20085, C40) and on the web edition:

Leventis, N.; Mulik, S.; Wang, X.; Dass, A.; Patil, V. U.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Lu, H.; Churu, G.; Capecelatro, A. "Conformal Polymer Nano-Encapsulation of Acid-Catalyzed Sol-Gel Mesoporous Silica Monoliths with Improved Mechanical Properties,"J. Non-Cryst. Solids2008354, 632-644 (in connection with the XI Conference on the Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids, Rhodes, Greece Oct. 29 to Nov. 2, 2006.)

Mulik, S.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Leventis, N. "Time-Efficient Acid-Catalyzed Synthesis of Resorcinol-Formaldehyde Aerogels," Chem. Mater.2007, 19(25), 6138-6144.

Leventis, N.; Mulik, S.; Wang, X.; Dass, A.; Sotiriou-Leventis, C.; Lu, H. "Stresses at the Interface of Micro with Nano, "J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129(35), 10660-10661.